Do we need male and female signs on bathroom doors?
Should schools, businesses, and non-profits ask us to check gender boxes on bureaucratic forms?
Beyond Trans: Does Gender Matter? (NYU Press, 2017) provides practical strategies to help organizations of all kinds and sizes design and implement gender policies that are both trans-inclusive and institutionally smart. Heath Fogg Davis offers an impassioned call to rethink the usefulness of dividing the world into not just male and female categories but even additional categories of transgender and gender fluid. Davis, himself a transgender man, explores the underlying gender-enforcing policies and customs in American life that have led to transgender bathroom bills, college admissions controversies, and more, arguing that it is necessary for our society to take real steps to challenge the assumption that gender matters.
He examines four areas where we need to re-think our sex-classification systems:
- sex-marked identity documents such as birth certificates, driver’s licenses and passports
- sex-segregated public restrooms
- single-sex colleges
- and sex-segregated sports.
Speaking from his own experience and drawing upon major cases of sex discrimination in the news and in the courts, Davis presents a persuasive case for challenging how individuals are classified according to sex and offers concrete recommendations for alleviating sex identity discrimination and sex-based disadvantage.
For anyone in search of pragmatic ways to make our world more inclusive, Davis’ recommendations provide much-needed practical guidance about how to work through this complex issue. A provocative call to action, Beyond Trans pushes us to think how we can work to make America truly inclusive of all people.
“Davis challenges readers to consider why binary sex identity categories are used so persuasively in our everyday lives, and whether such routine categorization is needed…The author, a transgender man of color, approaches this topic both as an expert and an individual whose own identity has been subject to hostile scrutiny.”
—Starred Publishers Weekly
“Why—and when—is it important to say whether somebody is a man or a woman? Those are the provocative questions Heath Fogg Davis poses in this informative exploration of gender markers….But even more provocative are the questions of how we determine what counts as ‘man’ and ‘woman’ in the first place, and why we imagine there can be only two genders. This is a great book for students and specialists alike who are interested in the profound transformation of gender we are all experiencing in the early twenty-first century.”
— Susan Stryker, co-editor of TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly and author of Transgender History
“Both clear-eyed and eye-opening, Beyond Trans challenges all of us—gender-nonconforming and cisgender, trans and gender-conforming, individuals and organizations—to ask ourselves why and how we are using sex classifications, what harm they might be doing, and just how they’re even defining ‘sex.’ A provocative and compelling book.”
— Joshua Gamson, author of Modern Families: Stories of Extraordinary Journey to Kinship
“In this important and original book, Davis argues that most bureaucracies should get out of the business of administering sex by classifying people as Female or Male. Drawing on a number of case studies, including identity documents, bathroom bills, college admissions, and sex-testing for athletes, Davis shows most policies for sex classification are not rationally related to legitimate government interests. Drawing on a range of literatures and methods, including critical race scholarship, feminist theory, auto-ethnography, and doctrinal legal analysis, Beyond Trans is applied political theory at its best.”
— Paisley Currah, co-editor, TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly
“In a lively and accessible style, Davis questions the administrative and social practices of labeling individuals’ sex or gender solely in correspondence with the binary categories of female or male. He challenges the validity of sex-identifying documents and sex-segregated facilities or institutions—even competitive sports—as solutions to privacy, safety, or equality. This is a thought-provoking and highly relevant subject, perfect for today’s political and cultural debates.”
— Jamison Green, author of Becoming a Visible Man